Fibroids are growths made up of muscle tissue, in or around the womb.
They are almost always non cancerous, and sometimes you won’t have any symptoms at all. The cause of fibroids is unknown.
The main types are:
Intramural - in the wall of the womb
Subserosal - outside the wall of the womb into the pelvis - these can grow very large
Submucosal - in the layer between womb inner lining and can grow into the inside of the womb
Heavy bleeding (which can be heavy enough to cause anemia) or painful periods
Feeling of fullness in the pelvic area (lower stomach area)
Enlargement of the lower abdomen - like bad bloating
Frequent need to pee
Pain during sex
Lower back pain
Watch & Wait
Some fibroids do not need to be treated if they are not causing symptoms. Over time, they'll often shrink and disappear without treatment, particularly after menopause.
Surgery will be considered if your symptoms are severe. A surgery to remove the womb (hysterectomy) may be recommended if you have large fibroids & don’t want children.
A procedure where a small telescope and small instruments are inserted through the vagina to remove fibroids from inside the womb. This method means no incisions are needed. You’ll experience some cramps and vaginal bleeding afterwards
A surgery to remove the fibroids from the wall of your womb, you’ll be under general anaesthetic (put to sleep), and will have to stay in the hospital for a few days. This procedure is suitable for those wishing to have children.
The medicines available for treating fibroids are mostly to reduce heavy periods - if you have bigger fibroids, these are less effective.